Gastroesophageal reflux disease, or GERD, is a digestive disorder that involves the lower
esophageal sphincter and the lower esophagus. It refers to the return of stomach acid and
contents back up into the esophagus, causing heartburn or acid indigestion.Common symptoms
are burning in the chest or meal-related nausea or chest pain.
Barrett's esophagus is a serious complication of GERD, where normal tissue lining the
esophagus changes to tissue that resembles the lining of the intestine. It does increase
the risk of developing esophageal adenocarcinoma, which is a serious, potentially fatal
cancer of the esophagus.
H. Pylori Gastrits
H. pylori is a spiral-shaped bacterium found in the stomach. The bacteria can attach to
cells lining the stomach, causing stomach inflammation (gastritis), and can cause ulcers.
Over time, infection with the bacteria can also increase the risk of stomach cancer. It is
curable with 1-2 weeks of oral antibiotics.
Peptic ulcer disease refers to painful sores or ulcers in the lining of the stomach or in
the first part of the small intestine, called the duodenum.An ulcer is the end result of
an imbalance between digestive fluids in the stomach and duodenum, of H. pylori infection,
or of chronic use of aspirin-like anti-inflammatory medications.
Chronic Liver Disease
Liver failure or cirrhosis occur when the liver becomes damaged beyond repair and is no
longer able to function. The most common causes of chronic liver disease include hepatitis
B, fatty liver disease, hepatitis C, and long-term alcohol consumption. Fortunately, in
many conditions, the liver is a "very forgiving organ" capable of complete healing once
aggravating factors are removed.
Hepatitis C and B
Hepatitis B and C are viruses that infect the liver. Often, with treatment, both viruses
can be cured in a short time, however they can also become chronic, causing long term
infection that can damage your liver, progress to irreversible liver failure and even
result in liver cancer.
One of the liver's primary roles is to metabolize and detoxify unhealthy foods, chemicals,
and medications that enter our body, putting it in direct contact with these harmful
toxins. Hepatotoxicity occurs when the liver experiences damage through its handling of
these agents. Prompt recognition of hepatotoxicity is essential in preventing long-term
Fatty Liver Disease
Fatty liver disease (NAFL) represents an acquired metabolic disorder resulting in fat
accumulation and subsequent inflammation in the liver. It may occasionally progress to
cirrhosis-the irreversible end-stage of liver damage. it is currently one of the most
common causes of noninfectious chronic liver disease.
Gallstones are little pebble-like substances that form in the gallbladder, a small organ
located under the liver that helps with digestion. These stones develop because
cholesterol and pigments in bile can condense into hard particles. When symptoms do occur,
you may have stomach pain, right-sided abdominal pain or upper back pain, feel nauseous,
and may vomit.
Colon polyps are growths in your large intestine (colon). Colon polyps arise as a result
of cumulative genetic changes that occur with age or as a result of our genetic familial
inheritance. Most colon polyps are not cancer. however early detection and removal of
colon polyps through colonoscopy, provides us an excellent opportunity to greatly reduce
your subsequent colon cancer risk.
Colon cancer occurs when the cells that make up polyps devolve into a malignant state.
these growths can then invade and metastasize to other parts of the body. The abnormally
growing cells are referred to as a malignant tumor, which is cancer. There are many
treatment options available. however the best cure is prevention or early
Ulcerative colitis is a disease that causes inflammation and sores (ulcers) in the lining
of the large intestine. Major symptoms include stomach pain or cramps, diarrhea, rectal
bleeding, and sometimes a fever and weight loss.
Crohn's disease is a lifelong inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Parts of the digestive
system get swollen and can have deep sores called ulcers and fissures. Crohn's disease
usually is found in the last part of the small intestine and the large intestine but it
can develop anywhere in the digestive tract.
Irritable Bowel Syndrome
Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a disorder of the intestines. It causes belly pain,
cramping or bloating, and diarrhea , irregular bowel movements or constipation. Irritable
bowel syndrome is a long-term problem, but there are many things that you can do to reduce
your symptoms. Good advice and treatment from a gastroenterologist should greatly improve
or eliminate your symptoms
This set of symptoms includes indigestion, nausea, dyspepsia, queasiness, sour stomach, etc.
Come see us so we can methodically decipher what condition underlies these troubling symptoms.
The underlying causes include possible enzyme or metabolic defects, motor, or structural
abnormalities of the gut. Through carefully obtained history and thoughtful evaluation,
analysis and testing we can figure out the problem and find the best solution.